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Muggle Encyclopedia

compiled and written by Penny Linsenmayer
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s Schafer, Elizabeth D. - Scholastic - Scottish Arts Council - Scottish Book Trust - Sedbury - Shapiro, Marc - Shaw, Fiona - Shepherd, Lucy - Simpsons, The - Sladden, Susan - Nestle Smarties Book Prize - Smith, Dodie - Smith, Jennifer - Smith, Maggie (Dame) - Smith, Sean - Somerville, Geraldine - Snape - Spall, Timothy - Spriggs, Elizabeth - Spurs - Staunton, Imelda - Stouffer, Nancy - Swing

Schafer, Elizabeth D. author
Schafer is the author of Beacham's Sourcebooks for Teaching Young Adult Fiction: Exploring Harry Potter (Beacham Publishing Corp., 2001). Schafer's book appears to have been pulled together hastily and contains a number of errors and inconsistencies, which many fans have pointed out in reviews.

Scholastic
Scholastic, Inc. is the publisher of the American versions of the Harry Potter novels. Arthur Levine of Scholastic won the bidding war amongst New York publishers and paid $100,000 for the rights to publish the American versions of JKR's Harry Potter novels.

Scottish Arts Council
Although Rowling was not technically a published author at the time she applied for a grant from the Scottish Arts Council, they believed that her contract with Bloomsbury was sufficient grounds for application for one of the ten annual grants. She received the highest possible bursary award from the Council of £8,000 ($12,000) (SS_JKRB).

Scottish Book Trust
The Scottish Book Trust is an organization that promotes reading by recommending books, especially for children. Lindsey Fraser, Executive Director of the Scottish Book Trust, was impressed immediately with PS and subsequently wrote a book-form interview with JKR (see Fraser, Lindsey).

Sedbury
Rowling attended the Wyedean Comprehensive in the village of Sedbury, which was near her home in the village of Tutshill.

Shapiro, Marc author
Author of a short biography of JKR entitled J.K. Rowling: The Wizard Behind Harry Potter (St. Martin's Press, 2001), Shapiro's work has numerous factual errors and is not considered a particularly good source for biographical information amongst fans. Shapiro is the author of a number of unauthorized celebrity biographies.

Shaw, Fiona films
Born in July 1958 in County Cork, Ireland, Fiona Shaw was cast as Petunia Dursley in the Harry Potter films. Further information can be found at: WEB LINK - IMDBhttp://www.imdb.com/name/nm0789716/

Shepherd, Lucy
Lucy Shepherd was JKR's English teacher at Wyedean Comprehensive secondary school in Sedbury. Rowling has mentioned her influence in several interviews, and based on comments she has made, one can glean that the character of Professor Remus Lupin may have been influenced by Rowling's memory of her old teacher. Retired now from teaching and working in a bookstore in Bristol, Lucy Shepherd sent JKR a warm letter of praise after she first read PS in 1997 (Connie Ann Kirk, WEB LINK - amazon.comJ.K. Rowling: A Biography, Greenwood Press, 2003).

Simpsons, the
JKR admits to loving this television series created by Matt Groening. Describing it as a "work of genius," Rowling says that it's evident that Groening set the rules of what his characters can and cannot do in advance, as she has done with Harry's world in her novels. Lisa is her favorite Simpsons character. As one example of a "rule" in her universe, JKR says that there is wizarding legislation regulating what wizards can conjure out of thin air (anything conjured out of thin air won't last); therefore, the Weasleys are unable to conjure money, food or other necessities (SN). JKR appeared as herself in The Simpsons episode entitled "The Regina Monologues" (BBC Newsround, 28 February 2003).

Skeoch, Charlotte films
Charlotte Skeoch was cast as Hannah Abbott in the Harry Potter films. Further information can be found at: WEB LINK - IMDBhttp://www.imdb.com/name/nm1217942/

Sladden, Susan
Rowling dedicated GF to: "Peter Rowling, in memory of Mr. Ridley, and to Susan Sladden, who helped Harry get out of his cupboard." The identity of Susan Sladden is uncertain, but very likely she is the Susan who Rowling talked about in an interview with the Washington Post:

In Edinburgh, mother and daughter belonged to a Church of Scotland congregation. Jessica was christened there. At church Rowling met an older woman named Susan, "who's coming on to 70" and never married. "We were not 'dead certs' for friendship," Rowling added.

"Susan really helped me," Rowling recalled. The elderly woman would take care of Jessica for an afternoon and encourage Rowling to get out a little, kick up her heels, see an art show, do some window shopping. Instead, Rowling would find an empty table at a coffee shop and work on Harry Potter.

When Susan would ask Rowling how she had spent her time, Rowling would tell her and Susan was invariably disappointed. Rowling never showed Susan her work. "I was very very very insecure," she said. "I never showed anyone my writing." (WP1)

Nestle Smarties Book Prize
Book prize awarded to PS in 1997 and to CS in 1998. Chosen by an equal mixture of children and adult reviewers, the Smarties Book Prize is akin to the Booker Prize in the United States.

Smith, Dodie author
Author of WEB LINK - amazon.comI Capture the Castle, one of JKR's favourite books for "younger people" (EBF). Smith is perhaps best known in the U.S. as the author of WEB LINK - amazon.comThe One Hundred and One Dalmatians.

Smith, Jennifer films
Jennifer Smith was cast as Lavender Brown in PA/f. Further information can be found at: WEB LINK - IMDBhttp://www.imdb.com/name/nm1600284/

Smith, Maggie (Dame) films
She was born Margaret Nathalie Smith in 1934 in Ilford, Essex. Dame Maggie Smith was cast in the role of Minerva McGonagall for the Harry Potter films. Full biographical details and detailed notes about her extremely successful acting career can be found at: WEB LINKhttp://movies.yahoo.com/shop?d=hc&id=1800019451&cf=biog&intl=us

Smith, Sean author
Author of J. K. Rowling: A Biography, which was published in 2001 by Michael O'Mara Books Limited, Smith is a former national newspaper columnist in the United Kingdom who now works primarily as a free-lance writer. His other books include WEB LINK - amazon.comSophie's Kiss, When You Walk Through the Storm (about the Hillsborough football tragedy), Stone Me!, a Rolling Stones companion, The Union Game, and WEB LINK - amazon.comRoyal Racing. This biography is well-researched and serves to correct some of the misinformation that persists about Rowling's life. However, it has been subject to some criticism, including Rowling's own alleged dismissal of it (Connie Ann Kirk, WEB LINK - amazon.comJ.K. Rowling: A Biography, Greenwood Press, 2003).

Snape
Snape is the name of two separate villages in England. Further details about the village of Snape located in the county of Suffolk can be found at WEB LINKwww.snapevillage.org.uk.

Somerville, Geraldine films
Born in May 1967 in County Meath, Ireland, Geraldine Somerville was cast as Lily Potter in the Harry Potter films. Further information can be found at: WEB LINK - IMDBhttp://www.imdb.com/name/nm0813893/

Timothy Spall as Peter Pettigrew. Spall, Timothy films
Born in February 1957 in London, England, Timothy Spall was cast as Peter Pettigrew in the Harry Potter films.

"I relish Pettigrew," Spall beams. "It's nice to play a character so reprehensible and weak. He's a rat - I'm now a pin-up in all sorts of pet shops!" Interview, The Independent, December 28, 2004.

Further information can be found at: WEB LINK - IMDBhttp://www.imdb.com/name/nm0001758/

Spriggs, Elizabeth films
Born in September 1929 in Derbyshire, England, Elizabeth Spriggs was cast as the Fat Lady in PS/f. Further information can be found at: WEB LINK - IMDBhttp://www.imdb.com/name/nm0819655/

Spurs
The football team favored by JKR. She admits to not being an obsessed fan of any sport or team, but her father's family are all Spurs fans (SN).

Staunton, Imelda films
Born in January 1956 in London, England, Imelda Staunton was cast as Dolores Umbridge in the Harry Potter films. Further information can be found at: WEB LINK - IMDBhttp://www.imdb.com/name/nm0001767/

Stouffer, Nancy author
In March 2000, Nancy Stouffer filed a federal lawsuit in Pennsylvania against JKR, Scholastic and Warner Bros., alleging violation of her trademark rights in the term "muggle," which she claimed she had used in her unsuccessful and sparsely-distributed children's books from the 1980s (in particular, her book titled The Legend of Rah and the Muggles). JKR, Scholastic and Warner Bros. filed in the federal district court for the Southern District of New York, requesting declaratory judgment against Stouffer's claims. On 19 September 2002 (Hermione's birthday), the judge in the Southern District of New York dismissed Stouffer's claims, imposed $30,000 in sanctions and ordered Stouffer to pay a portion of the attorney's fees for the defense. In his ruling, the judge held that she had falsified evidence in at least seven instances, including altering an advertisement to include a trademark symbol, modifying paragraphs that allegedly refer to a book titled Larry Potter and His Best Friend Lilly, and forging sales invoices. The federal appeals court upheld the lower court's ruling and ordered that appeals costs be borne by Stouffer.

Swing
A disco in Porto, Portugal, where Rowling and her friends Jill Prewett and Aine Kiely spent many an evening. The third book is dedicated as follows: "To Jill Prewett and Aine Kiely, the Godmothers of Swing."

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