Salvio hexia - Scarpin's Revelaspell - Scourgify - Scouring Charm - sealing spell - Sectumsempra - Serpensortia - Severing Charm - Shield Charm - Shock Spell - Silencing Charm - Silencio - sleep, bewitched - slug-vomiting Charm - snitch jinx - Sonorus - Specialis Revelio - Sponge-Knees Curse - Stealth Sensoring Spell - Stinging Hex - Stretching Jinx - Stunner - Stupefy - Stupefying Charm - Substantive Charm - Summoning Charm - Supersensory Charm - Switching Spell
"salvia" L. without breaking + "hexia" hexes
Specific effect is not given, but the Latin derivation seems to suggest that this affects and possibly augments the other spells being cast.
Casting this spell evidently became part of the routine protective enchantments used on their campsites during the hunt for the Horcruxes, because escaping from the Lovegoods' house, Hermione immediately began running in a circle around her companions, casting this along with other protective enchantments before they set up their tent (DH22).
"Specialis Revelio" (spe-see-AH-lis reh-VEL-ee-oh)
Used to identify the ingredients of the target potion or the enchantments on a target object.
- Used by Hermione on the Half-Blood Prince's copy of Advanced Potion-Making (HBP9)
- Used by Ernie Macmillan (HBP18)
See also Revealing Charm
See "Scouring Charm"
"excoriata" L. to be stripped of' (thanks to Ruth Eyres)
Source: The Book of Spells, Chapter 3
Wand movement: a smooth, sinuous motion, like a letter ‘S’ (BoS3)
- Tonks used "Scourgify" to clean out Hedwig's cage in Harry's bedroom (OP3).
- James Potter used "Scourgify" to "wash out" Snape's mouth when the latter called Lily a Mudblood just after their Defence Against the Dark Arts O.W.L. (OP28).
- Hermione taught Neville a Scouring Charm to clean frog guts out from under his fingernails (GF14).
- A Scouring Charm is required to eradicate an infestation of bundimuns (FB)
No incantation used
Seals a roll of parchment with a touch of the wand.
"sectus" L. past participle of "seco", to cut + "sempra" L. always
Cuts the target.
- A spell invented by the Half-Blood Prince "for enemies" (HBP21)
- Considered to be Dark Magic; anything severed from a target's body by this spell cannot be grown back by magic, according to Molly Weasley (DH5).
- Harry cast this on Draco. Snape said afterward that there might be a certain amount of scarring, but that immediate treatment with dittany might prevent that (HBP24)
- Apparently the nonverbal spell used by Snape on James Potter that resulted in a gash across James' face during their confrontation just after their Defence Against the Dark Arts O.W.L, as seen by Harry in the Pensieve (OP28), judging from Snape's remarks during his departure from Hogwarts (HBP28).
- Harry used this on Inferi in the cave, but it didn't do much good (HBP26)
- Harry tried and failed to cast this on Snape during Snape's departure from Hogwarts (HBP28).
- Snape cast this at the wand-hand of a Death Eater who had been aiming at Remus Lupin's back, but missed and hit George Weasley instead, removing one of his ears (DH5, DH33).
"serpens" L. serpent +
"ortus" L. past participle of "ortir", to come into existence
(or second segment could be derived from "sortir" Old Fr. to go out)
(thanks to Jake Downs for suggesting we look at "ortir")
Causes a large serpent to burst from the end of the caster's wand.
- Draco cast this spell on Harry at the Duelling Club on Snape's suggestion; the serpent moved to attack Justin Finch-Fletchley (CS10).
- According to The Book of Spells, "for reasons that are still not fully understood ... two categories of creature are easier to create from nothing than any other: birds and snakes." The spell to create birds is called the Bird-Conjuring Charm, which suggests that Serpensortia might be called the Snake-Conjuring Charm.
See CONJURING SPELLS.
"diffindo" L. cleave, open
Wand movement: a jagged, cutting down motion with the wand: up, then slash down and right, then up again (BoS3)
Spell to cut something.
- Ron used a Severing Charm to remove the lace from the neck and sleeves of his used dress robes (GF23).
- Harry used "Diffindo" on Cedric's book bag to slow him down so Harry could tell him about the dragons (GF9).
- Harry cast "Diffindo" in an attempt to sever the tentacles of thought that the attacking brain wrapped around Ron during the battle of the Department of Mysteries (OP35).
- Harry used "Diffindo" to slice the cover off his own brand-new copy of Advanced Potion-Making (tapping the cover while saying the spell). He then repeated the spell for the copy of the book he had borrowed from the Potions dungeon's supply of spare textbooks (HBP11).
- Hermione used "Diffindo" to cut Ron free of the magical ropes (DH9).
- Harry used "Diffindo" to try to cut Mrs. Cattermole free of the chained chair, but it didn't work (DH13).
- Harry used "Diffindo" to break the ice on the pool containing the sword of Gryffindor in the Forest of Dean (DH19).
"protego" L. to defend
This spell creates a magical barrier that will deflect hexes thrown at the caster.
- Harry learned this spell in his preparations for the third task (GF31).
- Harry used the Shield Charm to defend himself against Snape's Legilimency during Occlumency training and found himself unexpectedly seeing some of Snape's memories (OP26).
- Harry used this spell to defend himself and to stop various Death Eaters from Summoning the prophecy away from him during the Battle of the Department of Mysteries (OP35, OP36).
- Mentioned as Shield Charm in Ministry leaflet (HBP3).
- According to the twins, many adult wizards as of Harry's sixth year cannot cast this spell properly, hence the popularity of the Weasleys' Wizard Wheezes "Shield" clothing line (HBP6).
- Ron, grasping at straws, speculates that Moody could have used a Shield Charm against the Killing Curse (DH6).
- Cast by Remus Lupin, Nymphadora Tonks, and various other wedding guests after Shacklebolt delivered his warning (DH9).
- Cast by Harry to protect Ron from Hermione (DH19).
- Cast by Hermione at the waterfall (DH25).
- Cast by Snape during his duel with McGonagall (DH30).
- Used by Harry at the beginning of his final duel with Voldemort (DH36).
No incantation mentioned
Spell used at St. Mungo's to treat mental illnesses.
- One reader of The Quibbler wrote Harry after his interview was published and suggested that he needed a course of Shock Spells at St. Mungo's, since he was obviously a nutter (OP26)
This is clearly a reference to shock therapy, a technique used in the treatment of mental illness in the Muggle world. Some see it as a bit barbaric, but it does produce results in some cases.
"silencio" L. to be quiet
Magically silences the target of the spell.
- The song of the Fwooper will drive the listener insane and must therefore be sold with a Silencing Charm on it. This charm must be recast on the Fwooper every month (FB).
- Fifth-years work on this spell in Charms using bullfrogs and ravens (OP18).
- Hermione cast this spell on a Death Eater during the Battle of the Department of Mysteries, which caused the spell he used to attack her to be a lot less damaging. He still knocked her out, though, and did "enough damage to be going on with," according to Pomfrey (OP35, OP38).
Similar to MUFLIATO
See Silencing Charm
Puts the target person into a deep sleep; subject is in a state almost like suspended animation and does not breathe for the duration of the spell.
- Dumbledore placed Cho, Ron, Hermione, and Gabrielle Delacour into this kind of sleep while they were "held hostage" by the merpeople in the lake (GF27).
- Fleur tried to put her dragon into some sort of enchanted sleep during the first task (GF20)
no incantation given (no, it's not "eat slugs")
Causes the victim to belch up slugs.
- Ron tried to hit Malfoy with this curse after Malfoy had called Hermione a Mudblood. Unfortunately, Ron's wand had been damaged earlier, so the spell backfired (CS7)
The name for this spell is mentioned in (OP19).
no incantation given
A delayed-action jinx which writes the word "sneak" across someone's face in pimples if they break an agreement they sign. This jinx may be an invention of Hermione Granger.
- Hermione jinxed a piece of parchment with this spell. Each member of the D.A. signed the parchment when the group started meeting and in so doing put themsleves under its effect. When Marietta Edgecombe told Umbridge about the DA, the word "sneak" broke out on her face instantly. Umbridge tried to remove it but couldn't, which indicates just how talented Hermione is at casting spells (OP16)
- This jinx was still in effect on Marietta the following September (HBP7)
See also PIMPLE JINX
"spongia" Gk. sponge
Source: The Standard Book of Spells, Grade 1 (Pm)
"sonorus" L. loud
Makes the caster's voice carry over long distances.
- reverse: Quietus
See Softening Charm
no incantation given
Presumably turns the target's knees spongy, making it difficult for him or her to walk.
- During the a riot that took place during the Puddlemere/ Holyhead game, a group of Puddlemere supporters were using this curse "in retaliation" to the Jelly-Brain Jinx, according to one Puddlemere supporter (DP).
See also JELLY-LEGS JINX.
Stealth Sensoring Spells
no incantation given
Spells to detect anyone sneaking past them. Can be placed on physical objects such as doors.
- After two Nifflers had been placed in her office, Umbridge placed Stealth Sensoring Spells on her door, which detected Harry and Hermione as they broke in to use the fire (OP32)
"colligo" L. to bind together + shoe
Sticks the victim's shoes to the floor.
Source: Curses and Counter-curses (Pm, TCG)
no incantation given
A fairly low-powered hex that causes a stinging pain in the victim.
When under assault by Snape's Legilimency, Harry found it almost impossible to resist the intrusion until Snape happened upon the memory of Harry's kiss with Cho Chang. The resistence he felt to Snape viewing this memory translated into a Stinging Hex that broke Snape's spell. Harry had not consciously decided to perform that spell, so it seems unlikely that that he actually spoke any words. It would seem instead that this hex was purely an extension of his intention to fight Snape off (OP24).
no incantation given
Presumably causes the target object or creature to stretch (extend in length).
Alternate names "Stunner" "Stunning Spell" "Stupefying Charm"
"stupefacio" L. to make senseless, from "stupeo" L. stunned
Source: The Book of Spells, Chapter 5
Renders the target of the spell unconscious; this spell hurls a bolt of red light.
- Used by Ministry wizards to try to stop whomever cast the Dark Mark during the Quidditch World Cup riot (GF9)
- Used by dragon keepers (a lot of them at once) to manage dragons (GF19).
- Flavius Belby tried to use a Stupefying Charm against a Lethifold, but only succeeded in blasting a hole through his bedroom door (FB)
- Effective against Pogrebins (FB).
- Not very effective against Hagrid, who is part giant (OP31).
- Harry tried to cast this on Snape during Snape's departure from Hogwarts, but missed (HBP28).
- Cast by Harry several times at pursuing Death Eaters (DH4).
- Referred to using the verb Stun (DH5).
- Harry cast this on Thorfinn Rowle and attempted to cast it on Antonin Dolohov but missed the latter, hitting the waitress instead (DH9).
- Used by Harry on Dolores Umbridge and on Yaxley (DH13).
- Cast by Harry, Ron, and Hermione on the crowd of goblins responding to the alarm at Gringotts (DH25).
See Stunning Spell
See Stunning Spell
no incantation given
"Accio" (see pronunciation notes)
"accio" L. send for, summon
Source: The Book of Spells, Chapter 4
Causes an object to fly to the caster, even over quite some distance; the target object is said to have been Summoned. It would seem that the caster must know at least the general location of the object Summoned.
- Notes and references:
- Mrs. Weasley used a series of Summoning Charms to find the magical items Fred and George were trying to sneak out of the house at the time of the Quidditch World Cup (GF6).
- Harry learned the Summoning Charm for the first task, when he Summoned his Firebolt to him so he could fly around and past the Hungarian Horntail (GF20).
- The fake Moody used a Summoning Charm to grab the Marauder's Map off the stairs on the night Harry solved the golden egg clue (GF25).
- Harry used this charm to call the Triwizard Cup to him while escaping Voldemort and the Death Eaters (GF34).
- Used several times during the Battle of the Department of Mysteries by both sides. The most notable instances were by Death Eaters attempting to pull the prophecy sphere from Harry's hands, by Hermione to pick up wands after a Disarming Spell hit, and most memorably by Ron in the Brain Room after he'd been knocked silly (OP35).
- Harry attempted to cast this nonverbally to Summon his wand into his hand after Draco Malfoy had hit him with a Full-Body Bind, but Harry couldn't make the spell work at the time (HBP8). Harry had a similar problem when his wand was knocked out of his hand during his fight with Nagini at Godric's Hollow (DH17).
- Harry used this to Summon Rosmerta's brooms so that he and Albus Dumbledore could return quickly to the castle on the night of the Battle of the Tower (HBP27).
- Harry cast this on Hagrid (DH4).
- Hermione used this to steal the Horcrux books - library books which had been taken out of circulation - from Dumbledore's study (DH6).
- Harry used this to Summon his glasses (DH7).
- Fred Summoned hairs from a Muggle boy in Ottery St. Catchpole in order to help Harry disguise himself using Polyjuice Potion (DH8).
- Hermione used this to try to Summon the locket Horcrux in Regulus' room (DH10). Harry similarly attempted to Summon it in Umbridge's office at the Ministry (DH13).
- Most objects of value are placed under counter-enchantments to prevent them being summoned magically by anyone other than the object's owner (BoS4). The stone basin in the Horcrux cave and Hufflepuff's cup in Gringotts had both been placed under such counter-enchantments (DH10, DH26).
NOTE: The pronunciation of this spell has been debated by fans. The "official" pronunciation from Scholastic is "A-see-oh." This is the pronunciation used in the audio version of the books. The word is Latin, however, and in Latin the letter C is always pronounced 'hard,' the same as the letter K. Some languages which are descended from Latin, such as Italian, pronounce 'cc' as 'ch,' but this is almost certainly not correct. UPDATE: In the Book of Spells, Accio is pronounced "ACK-see-oh"
Lets the caster sense things out of his or her line of sight.
various, depending on the Transfiguration intended
A category of Transfiguration spells that swap one thing for another.
- Hermione knew quite a bit about Switching Spells already in her first year, and gained some house points for it from McGonagall (PS9)
- Neville wasn't particularly adept at these, managing to switch his own ears onto a cactus during Transfiguration class (GF15).
- Hermione, discussing ways to combat dragons:
- The definition of Switching Spells was on the theory portion of the Transfiguration O.W.L. that Harry took in June 1996 (OP31)
"Well, there are Switching Spells...but what's the point of Switching it? Unless you swapped its fangs for wine-gums or something that would make it less dangerous..." (GF20)