canary transfiguration hex - candle magic - Caterwauling Charm - Cave Inimicum - chains, magical - Cheering Charm - Colloportus - Colour Change - Confringo - Confundo - Confundus Charm - Conjunctivitis Curse - conjured items - Conjuring Spells - contract, binding magical - crop-related charms - Cross-Species Switches - Cruciatus Curse - Crucio - Curse of the Bogies - curses - Cushioning Charm
Fred and George placed this hex on seemingly innocent custard creams so that whomever ate one was changed temporarily into a huge canary. Neville ate one of these Canary Creams, much to the amusement of everyone in the Gryffindor common room (GF21).
no incantation used
This minor spell ignites candles and can make them float in midair.
- The Great Hall is lit with thousands of floating candles (PS7)
- Rita Skeeter uses this magic when she's trying to conduct an interview in a broom cupboard (GF18).
- Lockhart may have used a charm of this kind when he "lit the candles on his desk" so that Dumbledore could examine the Petrified Mrs. Norris (CS9).
"caterwaul" Eng. to make a screaming noise like that of a cat during mating season
When an unauthorized person enters the target area while the effect is running, a caterwauling noise will be set off.
spell name unknown
“cave” L.: beware + “inimicum” L.: enemies
Defensive spell to keep enemies away.
Protective spell cast by Hermione around the tent and campsite when the trio was on the run (DH14, 22).
magical effect, spell name unknown
This spell causes magical chains to snake out of a chair and bind a person to it.
Similar to MAGICAL ROPES.
See also BINDING/FASTENING MAGIC.
A charm that cheers a person up, makes them happy.
Cheering Charms were part of the written Charms O.W.L. exam. Hermione worried that she hadn't written enough about them, but since she was considering including the countercharm for hiccups as part of her answer, it seems likely that she wrote more than plenty (OP31)
See Locking Spell
- Harry mixed up the incantations for this charm and the Growth Charm, accidentally making a rat grow alarmingly during his practical Charms O.W.L. He was supposed to turn it orange (OP31).
This was an ironic test question, considering that Ron's attempt to turn Scabbers yellow during his first train ride with Harry was one of the earliest attempted uses of magic in Harry's experience (PS6).
In U.S. editions, this spell is given as Color Change.
A charm used to hide an object.
- Cast by Vincent Duc de Trefle-Picques to hide his own head in order to convince Muggles during the French Revolution that his head had already been cut off (Pm: Beauxbatons).
- A mass Concealment Charm was rumored to have been cast along with 167 memory charms, resulting in the unexpected appearance of a scarlet steam engine and carriages at a railway station in Hogsmeade over a hundred years ago (Pm: Hogwarts Express).
- Detected by Secrecy Sensors (HBP15, c.f. GF20), can be overcome by Revealing Charm (BoS2)
Similar to Disillusionment Charms (OP3, OP4, HBP3, DH4, DH15, DH16, DH21, DH22, DH24, FB, JKR: WOMBAT1, TBB: TTB)
c.f. "charms of concealment" (TBB: WHP, TBB: TTB), "spells of concealment" (DH26, Pm: Remus Lupin), "magical concealment" used by Voldemort to hide the ring Horcrux in the Gaunt hovel (HBP23) and mentioned as being able to be defeated by the Thief's Downfall (DH26)
"confringo" L. to smash, crush; to ruin, undo
Causes the target to explode.
See Confundus Charm
Confundo (con-FUN-doh, con-FUN-dus)
"confundo" L. to mix up, jumble together, confuse, bewilder, perplex
Causes confusion. A person who is affected by this Charm is said to be Confunded.
- Snape suggested that Harry, Ron, and Hermione were Confunded by Sirius Black into believing him innocent (PA21).
- The fake Moody used this charm to fool the Goblet of Fire into accepting Harry's name under a fourth school (GF17).
- Hermione used a Confundus Charm on McLaggen during Keeper tryouts in her sixth year (HBP11).
- Snape speculated that a Confundus Charm had been placed on Dawlish, who was known to be susceptible (DH1).
- Cast by Harry on each of the two wizards outside the main entrance of Gringotts (DH26).
"conjunctiva" L. connecting (as in membrane of the eye) + "-itis" L. inflammation
A spell that affects the eyes and vision of the target.
- Sirius was going to suggest this spell to use against the Hungarian Horntail (GF19).
- Krum tried this during the first task, but the dragon went into such violent convulsions that she smashed some of her own eggs (GF20).
- Madame Maxime used this to force Golgomath's thugs to drop Hagrid when the giants became hostile with the ascension of the new Gurg (OP20).
no incantation used
A spell that creates objects out of thin air.
- McGonagall conjured up a large fan and instructed Ernie Macmillan to waft the Petrified Nearly Headless Nick to the hospital wing using it (CS11).
- Dumbledore conjured up hundreds of squashy purple sleeping bags when the students needed to spend the night in the Great Hall (PA9).
- There is legislation about what you can conjure and what you can't (SN).
- There are laws of magic (as opposed to human legislation) governing what you can conjure and what you can't, such as Gamp's Law of Elemental Transfiguration, to which food is one of the five exceptions (you can't create food out of nothing) (DH29).
- Most things conjured out of thin air will disappear after a couple of hours (SN). Some exceptions to this are the sleeping bags, which survived a lot longer than just a couple of hours, and the leg of Neville's desk, which had been accidentally vanished (CS16) (although this may have been an instance of Reparo instead).
- "drawing up a chair" (conjuring a chair out of thin air)
- Dumbledore drew up comfy chintz armchairs (OP8)
- McGonagall draws up straight-backed, wooden chairs (OP22).
- Arthur Weasley drew up more chairs so his visitors could sit down in his ward at St Mungo's (OP8).
- Dumbledore literally drew up a chair for Trelawney to sit in at the Christmas feast in 1993 [Y13] (PA11). He also drew up a chintz armchair for himself to sit in when representing Harry at his hearing before the Wizengamot and when Mrs. Figg arrived to testify, Dumbledore drew up another for her (OP8).
- Dumbledore conjured a tea tray in Hagrid's cabin (GF24).
- Dumbledore arranged the Great Hall for the musical entertainment at the Yule Ball with "move objects" and this spell:
- Bill and Charlie Weasley conjured up tablecoths for dinner in the garden at the Burrow (GF5).
- Fudge conjured two large glasses of amber liquid (one for himself, one for the Prime Minister) on the night he informed the latter of Sirius Black's escape from Azkaban (HBP1).
A type of magic that creates objects out of thin air.
- Conjuring spells are advanced magic; they are N.E.W.T. level at Hogwarts, taught in sixth and seventh years (OP13).
See CONJURED ITEMS
This spell or spells makes a contract magically unbreakable.
- Placing a name in the Goblet of Fire constituted a binding magical contract. The people whose names were chosen were obliged to participate in the contest Even Dumbledore couldn't undo this magic, since Harry was forced to compete in the Tournament when his name came out of the Goblet (GF16).
See also UNBREAKABLE VOW.
Various effects on crops depending on the specific charm in question.
The Ministry of Magic report "A Study into Muggle Suspicions about Magic" recommended that the International Confederation of Wizards impose an immediate ban on further crop-related charms until the fuss about so-called "crop circles" - really entries in the Annual International Wizard Gardening Competition - died down (DP).
Classification of Transfiguration magic in which one type of creature is Transfigured into another.
- The fourth years had to write an essay about using these after practicing transfiguring guinea fowl into guinea pigs (GF22).
- Apparently it's easier to do the spell when the creatures have similar names (e.g. guinea fowl into guinea pigs), similar appearance (e.g. hedgehogs into pincushions), or both (e.g. beetles into buttons).
Cruciatus Curse (KROO-see-AH-tus)
"crucio" L. torment (v.), "cruciatus" L. torture (n.)
One of the "Unforgivable Curses," this spell causes the victim to suffer almost intolerable pain. Some victims of prolonged use of this curse have been driven insane. A victim of this curse is said to have been Cruciated.
- Demonstrated by the fake Moody to the fourth-year Defence Against the Dark Arts class (GF14).
- Used by Voldemort's followers during his years of power, both on wizards and Muggles (GF14).
- Crouch authorized its use by Aurors against suspects during the first war against Voldemort (GF27).
- The Longbottoms (see) were victims of the Cruciatus Curse and were driven insane by it (GF30, OP9, OP23)
- When Neville heard the golden egg's song, he was afraid that the second task would involve Harry facing this spell (GF21).
- Krum was forced to use this on Cedric during the third task (GF31)
- Voldemort used it on Wormtail (GF29), Avery (GF33 and probably OP26), and Harry (GF34)
- During the Battle of the Department of Mysteries, Bellatrix realized that Neville was the child of the Longbottoms, whom she had tortured. She took fiendish pleasure in using the Cruciatus Curse on the Longbottoms' son.
- Later, Harry tried to use the Cruciatus Curse on Bellatrix Lestrange, but it didn't do much. She taunted him that he had to mean it or it wouldn't work (OP36).
- When speculating about what the weapon might be that was the focus of the attention of the Order of the Phoenix and of the Death Eaters, Harry assured everyone that Voldemort didn't need any new weapon to cause pain, since the Cruciatus Curse worked just fine, thank you very much (OP6)
- Not named, but magical torture was being used (DH9).
- Bellatrix used this on Hermione at Malfoy Manor (DH23).
- Amycus Carrow attempted to use this on Ginny while duelling with her. Harry later tried but failed to use it on Snape (HBP28).
- When Amycus Carrow taught Defence Against the Dark Arts (which under him turned into just the Dark Arts) the students were supposed to practice the Cruciatus Curse on fellow students who had earned detentions (DH29).
- Amycus Carrow wanted to Cruciate the Ravenclaws until they told him who had attacked Alecto; shortly afterwards, Harry cast the Cruciatus Curse on him for spitting in Professor McGonagall's face (DH30).
See Cruciatus Curse
Mucus Ad Nauseam (MYOO-kus ahd NOU-see-um)
"bogy" uncertain origin: "Old Bogey" = The Devil c. 1836;
"bogle" Scottish phantom or goblin c. 1505 and
"bogge" terror, possibly from "bwg" Welsh ghost and
Yeah, maybe. But more likely:
"bogey" British slang: booger
- Ron threatened to learn this curse, then use it on Hermione and Neville if they all got caught roaming the school at night on their way to a duel with Draco Malfoy (PS9)
- The effect is an extremely runny nose (Pm)
see BAT-BOGEY HEX.
The following spells are known as curses.
- Babbling Curse
- Blasting Curse
- Body-Bind Curse
- Cruciatus Curse
- Curse of the Bogies
- Entrail-Expelling Curse
- Flagrante Curse
- Gemino Curse
- Impediment Curse
- Imperius Curse
- Jelly-Fingers curse
- Killing Curse
- Leg-Locker Curse
- Reductor Curse
- Sponge-Knees Curse
- Thief's Curse
- Unforgivable Curses
The Cushioning Charm creates an invisible "pillow" on the handle of a broom to make flying more comfortable.
- Invented by Elliot Smethwyk in 1820 (QA9).
- Hermione cast a Cushioning Charm for protection when she, Bogrod, Harry, Ron, and Griphook were thrown from a Gringotts cart and fell a great distance (DH26).
Note: In the film, Hermione uses the incantation Arresto Momentum to save them when they fell from the Gringotts cart. Since that's only in the film, however, we can't consider it to be canon.