"My own brother, Aberforth, was prosecuted for practicing inappropriate charms on a goat."
-- Albus Dumbledore (GF24)


Charms are a type of magic spell concerned with enchanting an object to behave in a way that isn’t normal for that object. For example, the Summoning Charm brings an object to the caster. Charms is also something of a catch-all for spells that aren’t Transfiguration (spells that change the inherent nature of an object). In some sense, if a spell isn’t Transfiguration, it’s probably a Charm.

References from the canon

  • A Charm adds properties to an object or creature, while Transfiguration changes the object or creature into something else (Pm).
  • Curses, jinxes and hexes are known as Dark Charms, and therefore not included in The Standard Book of Spells 1 by Miranda Goshawk (Pm).
  • This is not to say that regular Charms are weaker magic; a well-chosen Charm is a powerful magical tool against curses, jinxes, and hexes. Professor Flitwick, the Hogwarts Charms teacher, was rumored to have once been a duelling champion, after all (CS11).
  • Many of the early charms learned by young wizards can be broken easily, and wear off within hours or days (Pm).
  • Creatures of a large size such as trolls have thick skin which can repel charms (Pm). This fact probably applies to giants and dragons as well.
  • A Charm might cause something to flash different colors. It might cause an object to levitate or even fly through the air. Charms can make a person laugh or dance or even create a bubble of breathable air around a person's head. In all of these cases, the object or the person doesn't really change, they just do something unexpected.
  • Some Charms can be extremely powerful. The Fidelius Charm, for example, can completely hide a person or a place in such a way that no one can find them unless they are given the location by a Secret Keeper (PA10). Memory Charms can be so strong that they completely remove a person's memory or even damage his or her mind permanently (CS16).


Charms classes at Hogwarts

  • First Year:
    Hallowe'en: started Wingardium Leviosa
    Exam: make a pineapple dance across the desk
  • Second Year:
    During Duelling Club Snape taught the Disarming Charm
  • Third Year:
    Cheering Charms
    In private lessons, Lupin taught Harry the Patronus Charm
  • Fourth Year:
    Summoning Charm
    Banishing Charm
  • Fifth Year
    Silencing Charms
    Create legs on teacups
    O.W.L.: Colour Change Charms, Summoning Charms
  • Sixth Year


Charms Spells

  • Alohomora Charm
  • Anti-Cheating Charms
  • Anti-Gravity Mist
  • Armour-Bewitching Charm
  • Atmospheric Charm
  • Banishing Charm
  • Bird-Conjuring Charm
  • Bond of Blood
  • Braking Charm
  • Bubble-Head Charm
  • Caterwauling Charm
  • Charm To Cure Reluctant Reversers, A
  • Cheering Charm
  • Colour Change Charm
  • Concealment Charm
  • Confundus Charm
  • crop-related charms
  • Cushioning Charm
  • Defensive Charm
  • Disarming Charm
  • Disillusionment Charm
  • Drought Charm
  • Engorgement Charm
  • Fidelius Charm
  • Fixing Charm
  • Flame-Freezing Charm
  • Flashing Paint Charm
  • Freezing Charm
  • Gripping Charm
  • grooming charms
  • Growth Charm
  • Hair-Thickening Charm
  • Hardening Charm
  • Homorphus Charm
  • Horton-Keitch Braking Charm
  • hot air charm
  • Hover Charm
  • Imperturbable Charm
  • Invisibility Charm
  • knitting charm
  • Levitation Charm
  • Locomotion Charms
  • Memory Charm
  • Mending Charm
  • Muggle-Repelling Charm
  • Obliteration Charm
  • Patronus Charm
  • Permanent Sticking Charm
  • Peskipiksi Pesternomi
  • Protean Charm
  • Revealing Charm
  • Scarpin's Revelaspell
  • Scouring Charm
  • Severing Charm
  • Shield Charm
  • Shrinking Charm
  • Silencing Charm
  • Slug-Vomiting Charm
  • Softening Charm
  • Stunning Spell / Stupefying Charm
  • Substantive Charm
  • Summoning Charm
  • Supersensory Charm
  • Talon-Clipping Charms (dragon care)
  • Tickling Charm
  • The Trace
  • Unbreakable Charm
  • Undetectable Extension Charm
  • Unlocking Charm
  • Wand-Extinguishing Charm
  • Wand-Lighting Charm
  • Water-Making Spell



"to recite or cast a magic spell," from Old French charmer


Related images

When asked which teaching post at Hogwarts she would most like to teach, Rowling responded, "Oh I think definitely Charms - I see that as the most imaginative bit of magic because you're adding properties to an object." (Nr)

From the Web

"Charm" from Harry Potter Wiki

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