The Quidditch World Cup 1878 tournament was staged as a replacement for the “missing” Tournament that Nobody Remembers of 1877 (QWC).
As the authorities had spent so much time preparing the Quidditch World Cup stadium for the tournament of 1877, it is entirely possible that the re-staged matches took place in the Ryn desert of Kazakhstan as well.
Lexicon timeline of Quidditch
Lexicon list of World Quidditch teams
From the Web
WizardingWorld.com (Pottermore) features:
Writing by J K Rowling on Imgur (Daily Prophet coverage of the 2014 Quidditch World Cup, originally from Pottermore):
Harry Potter Wiki: Quidditch World Cup