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Herbology On Pottermore:
Chamber of Secrets chapter 6
Herbology was originally called 'Herbalism' in Rowling's notes (Pm)
"The wand of chestnut is attracted to witches and wizards ... who possess great gifts in Herbology ..." (Pm)
Herbology class at Hogwarts is the study of magical plants and fungi, including their care and their magical properties and uses. Some magical plants form important ingredients in potions, others have magical effects in their own right.
At Hogwarts, all students are required to attempt an O.W.L. in Herbology, so all first through fifth year students take the class, which is taught by Professor Sprout. Herbology classes are held in the greenhouses and include plenty of hands-on activities, including pruning alihotsy bushes, repotting mandrakes, and harvesting bubotuber pus. Students are also assigned essays as homework (OP13).
dragon dung compost
Used for planting (OP13). Sold in Diagon Alley at the apothecary (CS6).
Often worn when handling dangerous plants such as bubotubers.
Used by students to protect themselves from plants like the Mandrake which can harm with the sounds they make; these ear muffs are apparently magical as they completely block all sound (CS6).
Hagrid has been known to carry a few of these around in his pockets
Flesh-Eating Slug repellent
Occasionally required to keep Flesh Eating Slugs out of Hogwarts' cabbages, these must be bought on Knockturn Alley, which suggests that they are somewhat Dark in nature
When collected at the full moon (probably the ONLY time you can collect it), this substance makes magical herbs and flowers grow extremely well (FB)
Students begin working in greenhouse 3 with more dangerous plants that require protective gear for safe handling, such as mandrakes, which when fully grown can kill the unwary (CS6). Among the practical lessons in Herbology this year students are taught how to prune Abyssinian shrivelfigs CS15).
Like most of the other teachers, Professor Sprout begins her fifth year classes by lecturing the students briefly on the importance of their O.W.L. before beginning a year of loading them down with homework, which even in this class involves essays (OP13). At the end of this year students take the O.W.L., which includes a practical portion that requires each student to work with some selection of plants. Harry, for example, was bitten by a Fanged Geranium during his exam (OP31).
Students prepare to take the N.E.W.T. in Herbology, the highest level of qualification offered by Hogwarts.