"....you would be required to undergo a stringent series of character and aptitude tests at the Auror office. It’s a difficult career path, Potter, they only take the best."
-- Professor McGonagall to Harry Potter (OP29)
This would be a promotion to the post from within the Ministry, as he had joined the department as an Auror after the Battle of Hogwarts victory over Lord Voldemort (Pm).
This event occurs in the main "through" timeline of Harry Potter and the Cursed Child. Use of a Time-Turner by Albus Potter and Scorpius Malfoy cancels this event in an alternate timeline.
The exact date is unknown, but it will have occurred prior to Summer 2020.
From the Web
The theatre production opened in the West End of London at the Palace Theatre on 31 July 2016, with Jamie Parker as Harry Potter: Harry Potter and the Cursed Child, Parts One and Two
Screenshots of the Daily Prophet's coverage of the 2014 Quidditch World Cup: http://imgur.com/a/AXutv