"Fascinating creatures, phoenixes. They can carry immensely heavy loads, their tears have healing powers, and they make highly faithful pets."
-- Albus Dumbledore(CS12)
Swan-sized bird with red and gold plumage, golden beak, and golden talons. The XXXX rating given to this gentle creature does not indicate ferocity, but rather the rarity of successful attempts to domesticate it. The phoenix lives to an immense age, as it regenerates from ashes, after bursting into flames. Phoenix tears have healing powers, and its song is magical.
- Dumbledore not only has a pet phoenix named Fawkes (CS12), but his Patronus is also a phoenix (DH20, JKR), and it is the symbol of his Dark Arts-fighting group, The Order of the Phoenix (OP3). Fawkes leaves the school after Dumbledore's death, but first sings a haunting lament that raises the spirits of those mourning inside Hogwarts (HBP29). At Dumbledore's funeral as the white tomb formed over his body, Harry thought he saw "a phoenix fly joyfully into the blue" (HBP30).
- Fawkes uses his tears to heal Harry on several occasions. In the Chamber of Secrets, Fawkes weeps over the wound from the Basilisk fang, healing it almost instantly (CS17). According to Hermione, phoenix tears are the only known antidote to Basilisk venom (DH6). During the Third Task of the Triwizard Tournament, Harry was wounded by an Acromantula in the maze; when he returned from the Riddle graveyard with Cedric's body, Fawkes heals the wound with his tears (GF36).
- When the twin phoenix wand cores of Harry and Voldemort connected during their duel in the graveyard creating a Priori Incantatem effect, the music surrounding them was phoenix song, and reminded Harry of Dumbledore, giving him hope of survival (GF34)
- The Moutohora Macaws (New Zealand) have a phoenix for a mascot. His name, appropriately enough, is Sparky (QA8).
Middle English fenix, from Old English, from Latin phoenix, from Greek phoinix ( http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/phoenix )