The International Statute of Secrecy is a wizarding law which was instituted in 1689 (TBB/WHP) and put into effect in 1692 in order to hide the existence of witches and wizards from the Muggles who persecuted them.
In 1692, the International Confederation of Wizards held a summit. It was established that each Ministry of Magic would be responsible for magical sports in their own country. This led to the formation of the Department of Magical Games and Sports in Britain (QA5). 27 species of magical beasts, beings and spirits were to be hidden from Muggle knowledge (FB).
In 1750, Clause 73 was added to the Statute, which stated that each Ministry would be responsible for the concealment of magical creatures within its territory or face sanction from the ICW (FB).
The Statute also includes guidelines for dress, which state what wizards should wear in order to avoid discovery (Pm).
- Ralston Potter, a member of the Wizengamot, supported the institution of the Statute (Pm).
- The Malfoy family, who associated with Muggle aristocracy and royalty, opposed the signing of the Statute (Pm).
- Clause 73 of the Statute was breached in 1932 when a Welsh Green dragon landed on a Devon beach during the Ilfracombe incident (FB).
- Carlotta Pinkstone famously campaigned to repeal the Statute, and was arrested several times for breaching it (FW).