The history of the development of the racing broom is discussed, including the various manufacturers of famous brooms.
Calendar and Dates
Elliot Smethwyck invents the Cushioning Charm.
Elias Grimstone created the first Oakshaft (called the Oakshaft 79).
Gladys Boothby creates the first Moontrimmer broom.
The Ollerton brothers founded the Cleansweep Broom Company, producing the Cleansweep One as their first model.
By the end of this year, every British Quidditch team was mounted on Cleansweeps.
Randolph Keitch and Basil Horton founded the Comet Trading Company. Their first broom, the Comet 140, used the patented Horton-Keitch braking charm.
Release of the Cleansweep Two.
Jocunda Sykes made the first Atlantic broom crossing on an Oakshaft.
Release of the Cleansweep Three.
Release of the Comet 180.
Release of the Tinderblast by the German company Ellerby and Spudmore.
Release of the Swiftstick by Ellerby and Spudmore.
Release of the Shooting Star by Universal Brooms Ltd.
Universal Brooms Ltd. went out of business.
The Nimbus Racing Broom Company founded by Devlin Whitehorn, releasing the Nimbus 1000.
The Twigger 90 was first produced by Flyte and Barker.
Interesting facts and notes
Much of the Lexicon's historical information on the development of brooms comes from this chapter.
...the invention of the Cushioning Charm by Elliot Smethwyck in 1820 went a long way towards making broomsticks more comfortable than ever before...
This was also discussed in an earlier chapter.
...nineteenth-century broomsticks were generally incapable of achieving high speeds and were often difficult to control at high altitudes.
For some value of "high".
...the Oakshaft is a handsome broom with a very thick oaken handle, designed for endurance flying and to withstand high winds.
Oak is a type of wand wood (PS5).
Too cumbersome to turn at high speed, the Oakshaft...
This may be due partly to the wood from which the broom is made, and/or to the thickness of the handle.
Apparition becomes increasingly unreliable over very long distances, and only highly skilled wizards are wise to attempt it across continents.
The Moontrimmer...these slender, ash-handled brooms
The Moontrimmer's principal advantage over other brooms was its ability to achieve greater heights than ever before (and remain controllable at such altitudes).
The Firebolt's handle is also made of ash.
....the Twigger has been found to warp under high speeds and has gained the unlucky reputation of being flown by wizards with more Galleons than sense.
Oh dear. This fits into Arthur Weasley's pronouncement about the Veela: "And that, boys.... is why you should never go for looks alone!" (GF8).
(Before that time, wizards preferred to take ships rather than trust broomsticks over such distances. Apparition becomes increasingly unreliable over very long distances, and only highly skilled wizards are wise to attempt it across continents.)
The patented Horton-Keitch braking charm meant that Quidditch players were much less likely to overshoot goals or fly offside, and the Comet now became the broom of preference for many British and Irish teams in consequence.
However, though highly finished and including a number of new gimmicks such as an inbuilt Warning Whistle and Self-Straightening Brush, the Twigger has been found to warp under high speeds and has gained the unlucky reputation of being flown by wizards with more Galleons than sense.
From the Web
Writing by J K Rowling on WizardingWorld (Pottermore):
Harry Potter Wiki: Brooms
WizardingWorld (Pottermore) features:
Tags: brooms / broomsticks games match pitch racing racing brooms speed
Lexicon timeline of Quidditch
Lexicon list of Broom Manufacturers